Seven nominations for Black Panther the filmmaker’s black-Ryan Coogler, six for BlacKkKlansman , the actor and the actress black Mahershala Ali, and Regina King nominated for the best supporting role. This year, the Oscars make the beautiful part to the diversity. According to an annual report released Thursday by the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), the perfect representation of minorities and women is yet far from being reached in cinema in the United States.
“behind the scenes or in front of the camera, the progress for the representation of people of color and women are still very marginal, if not non-existent”, complain to the authors of the study in a press release.
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Each year, since 2012, the UCLA analysis of the panorama film and television american in order to draw up a balance sheet of the evolution of the diversity of race and gender. For this latest report, researchers from the University have worked on 200 movies, among the most profitable, out in 2017, as well as of 1,316 television broadcasts. They then studied the rate of presence of women and persons considered as “non-white”, it is the terminology employed, in twelve trades of the film industry.
For a balance sheet without appeal. In front of and behind the camera, women, and ethnic or cultural minorities are still under-represented in the sector of the american cinema, even if we can note a slight improvement of the situation for a few years.
One-third of the first roles were held by women by 2017
As pointed out in a spot released by UCLA, women accounted for half of the u.s. population in 2017. The persons belonging to minorities make up to 40% the demographics of the country. Yet, the cinema is still struggling to illustrate this diversity. The main roles remain predominantly held by white actors male. By 2017, 32.9% of leading roles went to women, compared to 31.2% in 2016. An increase of 2%! This is far from being a feat.
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on The side of persons belonging to minorities, the balance sheet is not up to par but however, shows a progression more meaningful. Thus, the actors and actresses of color were occupying 13.9% of the main roles in 2016, up from 19.8% in 2017.
In this industry, “power systems, dominated by decision-makers white and male, are hard to break,” notes one of the authors of the report, Ana-Christina Ramon.
“The systems of power, dominated by decision-makers white and male, are hard to break”
for the realization, the balance sheet is even more disturbing. 12.6% of the films were carried out in 2016 by persons belonging to minorities, against… 12.6% in 2017. Is zero growth.
Black Panther blows up the box office
The number of women directors has doubled between the years 2016 and 2017 (up 5.7% versus 12.6%), but still remains negligible compared to the 50% of women who make up the american population.
Some women are, however, managed to make a place in the very closed and male achievement. In 2010, Kathryn Bigelow won the Oscar for best director for Hurt . A first in the history of cinema, since no woman had ever received this award since the inception of the ceremony in… 1929.
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According to the report from UCLA, the films in the displays of people of color are, however, those experiencing a greater commercial success. Thus, the films in which the cast was composed of 31% to 40% of actors from minority backgrounds are those that are most performed at the box-office in 2017. A trend that is also observed in the following year. In 2018, Black Panther and its super-hero black have exploded the u.s. box office, with nearly 700.059.566 dollars in revenue. Just as the romantic comedy an american Crazy Rich Asians , in casting mostly asian, who has earned 174.532.921.dollars in revenue in the United States.
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The television best student film
The situation is slightly more pleasing on the small screen, where the phenomenal popularity of platforms of video on demand like Netflix, Amazon or Hulu, has boosted the diversity. Over the period 2016-2017, 21.3% of the main roles of the tv shows were played by people from minorities. A nice progress in comparison to the 12.9 per cent recorded in the previous report.
“The meeting of technological change and demographic change has created an environment that is now ripe to change the habits of the audiovisual sector”, analyzes the UCLA. Hollywood now has more excuses to improve the representation of women and minorities in its industry.